Confused by scholarly, peer-reviewed sources?
This guide explains the peer review process, the identifying characteristics of a peer-reviewed article, and where you'll find scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles in the RGO Library & Learning Commons databases.
What is Peer Review?
Peer review is a publication process based on peer evaluation that ensures contributions made to the scholarly community are based on accurate, reliable, and original research findings and analysis:
University of California at Berkeley (n.d.). Scrutinizing science: Peer review [digital image]. Understanding Science. Retrieved from http://undsci.berkeley.edu/
Also called an academic or peer-reviewed journal, a scholarly journal:
• Is a type of periodical (a publication issued in regular periods, i.e. newspapers, magazines, etc.) that provides a forum for scholarly communication in a particular academic discipline,
• Publishes original, peer-reviewed research-based or theoretical articles are written by researchers and experts,
• Publishes additional forms of scholarly communication such as book reviews, editorials, conference proceedings, debate pieces, and interviews.
A scholarly, peer-reviewed journal article:
• Presents research studies and experiments or original theoretical analysis that advances what is understood or known in a specific subject area or discipline,
• Is written by the person(s) who conducted the research or analysis, who typically have advanced degrees, credentials, and/or academic positions,
• Often has a scientific format with sections and headings that follow the structure of a research study:
Purpose & Content:
Introduction or Objective
To present the research question(s) or problem and overall intention of the research study.
Background or Literature Review
To describe the current understanding and knowledge of the topic with a focus on how the study makes an important contribution.
Method(ology) or Research Design
To describe the procedures used to conduct the study, such as data collection and theoretical method for analysis of the data.
Results or Findings
To report on the new information and knowledge acquired through the research study
Discussion, Analysis and/or Conclusion
To summarize and interpret the implications of the results in the context of the topic or field as a whole, including areas where further research may be needed
In addition to the scientific format described in the previous tab, there are several common types of scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles.