Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (in press). Title of article in sentence case: First word of subtitle also capitalized. Title of Journal in mixed case and italics. doi:10..xxx/yyyyy
Proper Format & Examples:
There are two options for citing this source in-text:
1) Last names of author(s), date of publication, and page number(s) are placed in brackets at the end of the sentence. If there are no page numbers, refer to the paragraph number or heading within the text:
(Linz & Sturm, in press, "Implications for nursing," para. 1-3<).
2) Alternatively, the citation may be integrated into the sentence with a signal phrase and narrative:
Lintz and Sturm (in press) found weekly group or community social activities can help people with severe mental illness develop “trusting, interpersonal” relationships with their Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) workers (“Implications for nursing," para. 1-3).
APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author(s). Count the authors and follow the rule below:
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.