Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of article in sentence case: Capitalize first word of subtitle. Retrieved from Name database
There are two options for citing this source in-text:
1) Last name of author, year of publication, and paragraph number (if there are no page numbers available) are placed in brackets at the end of the sentence:
(Beauvais, 2014, para. 2).
2) Alternatively, the citation may be integrated into the sentence with a signal phrase:
According to Beauvais (2014), "recreational marijuana usage has relatively benign effects" (para. 2).
APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.
Original source of example: