Author, A. & Author, B. (Date of publication). Title of report in sentence case and italics: Capitalize first word of subtitle. Retrieved from http://website.com
NOTE: The APA Manual (2010) recommends following the Bluebook citation style for Canadian legislation. Refer to the Simon Fraser University library website for additional formats such as case law, parliamentary debates, and regulations.
There are two options for citing this source in-text:
1) The short version of the title of the act or statute in mixed case, italics and the date of publication are placed in brackets at the end of the sentence:
(Criminal Code, 1985)
2) Alternatively, the citation may be integrated into the sentence with a signal phrase and narrative:
According to the Criminal Code (1985), the willful promotion of “hatred against any identifiable group” is “an indictable offence."
APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author(s). Count the authors and follow the rule below:
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.