Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Year of release). Title of film in sentence case and italics [Format]. Country of origin: Studio or Distributor.
Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Year of release). Title of film in sentence case and italics [Format]. Retrieved from http://website.com
NOTE: If you access the film through a streaming video service or library database, replace country and distributor/studio company with a retrieval statement that has the URL (web address) OR name of the database, e.g.:
There are two options for citing this source in-text:
1) Cite last name of producer(s) and/or director(s) and year in brackets:
(Cameron & Landau, 2009).
2) Integrate names and year into the text of a sentence; you can (but are not required) to include the title of the film in mixed case and italics:
Cameron and Landau (2009) addressed the political and environmental issues surrounding resource scarcity and energy extraction in their film, Avatar.
NOTE: If you copy any dialogue or other information word-for-word, use quotation marks and include the time (HH:MM:SS):
Jake Sully responded, "there’s no such thing as an ex-marine" (Cameron & Landau, 2009, 5:12).
APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author(s). Count the authors and follow the rule below:
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.