Author, A., Author, B., Author, C., Author, D., & Author, E. (Date of publication). Title of article: Capitalize first word of subtitle.Title of Journal in Mixed Case and Italics, volume number in italics(issue number in brackets), first page-last page. doi:10.xxxx/yyyyyyyy
There are two options for citing this source in-text:
1) For 6 or more authors, cite last name of first author with "et al." for all in-text citations. Place author, year and page numbers in brackets at end of sentence:
(Cote et al., 2013, p. 754).
2) Alternatively, the citation may be integrated into the sentence with a signal phrase and narrative:
Cote et al. (2013) found that high quality child care involving significant levels of language stimulation contributes positively to cognitive development (pp. 762-764).
APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author(s). Count the authors and follow the rule below:
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.
Example source (catalogue/database record and journal website):