Welcome to the RGO Library & Learning Commons (LLC) guide for reflective practice and evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare.
This guide is designed to help students find resources to complete assignments on these important topics by:
According to Boyd and Fales (1983), reflective practice is "'the process of creating and clarifying the meaning of experience in terms of self in relation to both self and the world. The outcome of this process is changed conceptual perspectives’" (as cited in "Reflective practice," 2006).
There are a variety of models and theories informing how to engage in reflective practice, such as Johns' Model of Reflection (1994), Gibbs' Model of Reflection (1988), and Atkins and Murphy's Model of Reflection (1994).
In the professional context, such as nursing practice, reflection generally refers to the process of:
In this way, reflective practice builds self-awareness and contributes to experiential learning and professional development in the workplace (Lillyman, 2010).
Evidence-based practice (EBP) was defined by Sackett et al. (1996) as "the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients" (as cited in Louw, 2009).
In general, EBP in nursing and healthcare refers to:
Evidence-based practice typically requires a process in which the health practitioner:
(1) Formulates a focused research question
(2) Locates the best evidence from published research sources
(3) Critically evaluates the evidence for "validity, importance, and usefulness" using "specific criteria to determine the methodological rigor, significance, and generalizability of research findings."
(4) Combines the evidence with local professional expertise and the values of the patient(s) involved ("Evidence-based practice," 2010).
"Pyramid of evidence - quantitative studies" (Louw, 2009)