NOTE: The APA Manual (2010) recommends following the Bluebook citation style for Canadian legislation. Refer to the Simon Fraser University library website for additional formats such as case law, parliamentary debates, and regulations.
1) The Bill name and number, date of publication, and page number(s) are placed in brackets at the end of the sentence. When there are no page numbers, refer to the paragraph number or heading within the text:
Bill C-14 (2016) amended the Criminal Code of Canada to "create exemptions from the offences of culpable homicide, of aiding suicide and of administering a noxious thing ("Summary," para. 2).
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.