Author, A. (Date of publication). Title of document in sentence case and italics: Capitalize first word of subtitle. Retrieved from http://website.com/full
There are two options for citing this source in-text:
1) Last names of author, year of publication, and page number(s) are placed in brackets at the end of the sentence. If there are no page numbers, refer to the paragraph number or heading within the text:
(Davergne, 2013, pp. 4-5).
2) Alternatively, the citation may be integrated into the sentence with a signal phrase and narrative:
Davergne (2013) described how "[c]ases completed in youth courts” in 2011/2012 fell “10%...from the previous year” and “reflects the lowest number of completed youth court cases since these data were first collected by Statistics Canada” (p. 4).
APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author(s). Count the authors and follow the rule below:
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.
Example document (PDF file):