Confused by scholarly, peer-reviewed sources?
This guide explains the peer review process, the identifying characteristics of a peer-reviewed article, and where you'll find scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles in the RGO Library & Learning Commons (LLC) databases.
What is Peer Review?
Peer review is a publication process based on peer evaluation that ensures contributions made to the scholarly community are based on accurate, reliable, and original research findings and analysis:
University of California at Berkeley (n.d.). Scrutinizing science: Peer review [digital image]. Understanding Science. Retrieved from http://undsci.berkeley.edu/
Also called an academic or peer-reviewed journal, a scholarly journal:
Below are three examples of scholarly journals available in the library's databases:
A scholarly, peer-reviewed journal article:
|Section/Heading:||Purpose & Content:|
|Introduction or Objective||To present the research question(s) or problem and overall intention of the research study.|
|Background or Literature Review||To describe the current understanding and knowledge of the topic with a focus on how the study makes an important contribution.|
|Method(ology) or Research Design||To describe the procedures used to conduct the study, such as data collection and theoretical method for analysis of the data.|
|Results or Findings||To report on the new information and knowledge acquired through the research study|
|Discussion, Analysis and/or Conclusion||To summarize and interpret the implications of the results in the context of the topic or field as a whole, including areas where further research may be needed|
In addition to the scientific format described in the previous tab, there are several common types of scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles.