To build a reference for a book, report, or document, choose a rule from the sidebar or click the links below:
Other online sources:
Every web page has its own address called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). Similar to a mailing address with a name, street address, city, province, and postal code, each part of a URL provides information about the web page.
Top-level domains (TLDs) are an important clue of a website's publisher and purpose. Watch the video above or click below to learn about common types of TLDs:
The most widely used TLD, .com is mostly associated with commerce and commercial entities, like companies, that are often looking to make a profit. Companies advertise, sell products, and publish annual reports and similar company information. Examples of .com websites include www.facebook.com and www.amazon.com.
Most often used for non-profit organizations, such as charities, foundations, advocacy groups, and museums, .org typically contain biased information. These websites exist to promote the interests and agenda of the organization, so it is important to go to the “About” or “Mission” page. These kinds of sources can be good to use when comparing different sides of an important issue.
Examples of .org websites include the David Suzuki Foundation at www.davidsuzuki.org/ and Public Interest Alberta at www.pialberta.org/
.ca is a ccTLD indicating the website is from Canada. Websites from outside the United States often have ccTLDs, such as:.
.jp – Japan
.uk – United Kingdom
.de – Germany
.au – Australia
Websites created and maintained by the federal government of Canada. The Canadian government publishes information on jobs, immigration, travel, health, taxes, and more.
Examples of this TLD include the Parliament of Canada at www.parl.gc.ca/ and Statistics Canada at /www.statcan.gc.ca/
Websites created and maintained by the federal, state and county governments of the United States, with the exception of military websites that use “.mil” and several agencies that use “fed.us.”
Examples of this TLD include the Federal Reserve at www.federalreserve.gov/ and the National Institutes of Health at www.nih.gov/