Author, A. A. & Author, B., & Author, C. (Date of publication). Title of work in sentence case and italics: Capitalize first word of subtitlte (Number of edition, if available). City, State or Country: Publishing Company.
1) Last names of authors, year of publication, and page number(s) are placed in brackets at the end of the sentence:
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.
Example source (catalogue/database record and cover page):