What is American Psychological Association (APA) style?
What are citations and references?
Crediting sources is key to avoiding plagiarism. In APA style, there are two ways you must credit sources:
An in-text citation and reference provide information about a source such as author and publication year; like a street address, they help a reader locate the source in its original form. Below is an example of an excerpt from an assignment with in-text citations and a list of references:
APA style requires you to list all the sources you've used on the last page of an assignment. These are called references. A reference typically has four parts that answers these four questions:
The information for each part will depend on the format (e.g. print book, ebook, website etc.) of the source. A period and a space are placed between each part of a reference.
Below are. For complete reference rules, choose a format from the sidebar on the left.
In-text citation rules vary according to the amount of author(s) of the work. For full details, go to the In-Text Citation page of this guide.
Several details stay the same regardless of the number of authors:
You are allowed, but not required, to use the title of a source in your writing: