APA Style, 6th Edition

HOW TO CITE ELECTRONIC (ONLINE) OR PRINT BOOKS, REPORTS, & DOCUMENTS IN APA STYLE

Books, reports, and documents are written texts published in full-length (in contrast to periodicals like journals and newspapers that are published repeatedly):

  • Books can be print, electronic (e-books), or reference sources (ex., dictionary or handbook).
  • Reports and documents are usually PDF files in a library database or the websites of organizations (including companies) and government agencies.

To reference for a book, report, or document, choose a rule from the sidebar or click the links below:

Print Books & Textbooks:

eBooks:

Online Reports/Documents:

Not sure what rule to choose? Look at the (1) front cover, (2) table of contents, and (3) copyright page(s):

1) FRONT COVERLook for title and number of editor(s) and/or author(s):

2) TABLE OF CONTENTSCheck if there are author(s) for each chapter. If yes, follow the rule for “chapter inside an edited book":

3) COPYRIGHT PAGE

Look for the publcation year (most recent).

If it is print, find the location of publication (first city listed), publishing company/press (brief form, do not include terms such as Co. and Inc.), and the edition, if applicable.

If it is electronic, find the name of the database or website address (URL).