APA Style, 6th Edition

HOW TO CITE CONTENT IN D2L COURSES

Referencing sources from D2L can be confusing and depends on the type of source and the information your instructor has provided.

To reference sources from D2L, check the type of source (For example, is the source an article, a PowerPoint presentation, a short story, or other type of source?)

If you can't find:

  • the author(s),
  • the publication date/year,
  • the title of source, or
  • other details for referencing and citing

Ask you instructor for clarification.

Note:

  • For any source in D2L that doesn't have any author/creator, write the title first. 
  • For any source in D2L that doesn't have a publication date/year, use (n.d.). 
  • For any source in D2L without a website link use Retrieved from d2l.bowvalleycollege.ca

For PowerPoint presentations, use these rules:

1. Check the PowerPoint slides for an author/creator, date and publisher. If the publisher of the PowerPoint slides is the same publisher as your textbook, cite and reference your textbook.

Slide with publisher

 

2. With author:

Author(s)' names. (Date of publication). Title of presentation in italics [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from d2l.bowvalleycollege.ca

 

3. With no author:

Title of presentation in italics [PowerPoint presentation]. (date of publication). Retrieved from Retrieved from d2l.bowvalleycollege.ca

For comments or other non published information from your instruction, use this rule.

Cite IN-TEXT ONLY, no reference list entry is needed.

  • Cite in-text as a personal communication; include initials and last name of the person(s) and the full date.
  • A reference list entry is only needed if you read or listened to the interview/presentation in a print or electronically published source. 

Examples:

  • A registered nurse explained how "elderly patients with dementia may wander off the premises of nursing homes" (J. McGill, personal communication, October 12, 2015).
  • Plagiarism is a serious violation of academic honesty policies at Bow Valley College (L. Peters, personal communication, September 12, 2016).

For Modules in D2L, use this rule:

Name of College, University or Department. (Date of publication). Course code: Title of module, page, or presentation in sentence case (capitalize first word only) [Format description]. Retrieved from d2l.bowvalleycollege.ca

Formatted example:‚Äč

APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author(s)Count the authors and follow the rule below:

Work with ONE author
Work with TWO authors
Work with THREE to FIVE authors
Work with SIX or more authors
Work with a GROUP, ORGANIZATION or CORPORATE author
Work with NO author specified
INTERVIEW or PRESENTATION (Unpublished)
SECONDARY SOURCE (A source found inside a source)
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