APA Style, 6th Edition

HOW TO REFERENCE & CITE CONTENT IN D2L COURSES

Referencing sources from D2L depends on the type of source and the information your instructor has provided. First, check the type of source (For example, is it an article, a PowerPoint, a short story, or other type of source?):

If you can't find the author(s), publication date/year, title of source, or other details for referencing and citing...ASK YOUR INSTRUCTOR for clarification.

Note:

  • For any source in D2L that doesn't have an author/creator, write the title first. 
  • For any source in D2L that doesn't have a publication date/year, use (n.d.). 
  • For any source in D2L without a website link, use Retrieved from d2l.bowvalleycollege.ca

For comments or other non-published information from your instruction, use this rule.

Cite IN-TEXT ONLY, no reference list entry is needed.

  • Cite in-text as a personal communication; include initials and last name of the person(s) and the full date.
  • A reference list entry is only needed if you read or listened to the interview/presentation in a print or electronically published source. 

Examples:

  • A registered nurse explained how "elderly patients with dementia may wander off the premises of nursing homes" (J. McGill, personal communication, October 12, 2015).
  • Plagiarism is a serious violation of academic honesty policies at Bow Valley College (L. Peters, personal communication, September 12, 2016).

APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author(s)Count the authors and follow the rule below:

Work with ONE author
Work with TWO authors
Work with THREE to FIVE authors
Work with SIX or more authors
Work with a GROUP, ORGANIZATION or CORPORATE author
Work with NO author specified
INTERVIEW or PRESENTATION (Unpublished)
SECONDARY SOURCE (A source found inside a source)
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HOW TO REFERENCE COURSE MODULES/CONTENT IN D2L COURSES

For Modules in D2L, use this rule:

Name of College, University or Department. (Date of publication). Course code: Title of module, page, or presentation in sentence case (capitalize first word only) [Format description]. Retrieved from d2l.bowvalleycollege.ca

Formatted example:‚Äč

HOW TO REFERENCE POWERPOINT PRESENTATIONS IN D2L COURSES

For PowerPoint presentations, use these rules:

Slide with publisher

Author(s)' names. (Date of publication). Title of presentation in italics [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from d2l.bowvalleycollege.ca

Title of presentation in italics [PowerPoint presentation]. (date of publication). Retrieved from d2l.bowvalleycollege.ca

  1. Check the PowerPoint slides for an author/creator, date and publisher. If the publisher of the PowerPoint slides is the same publisher as your textbook, cite and reference your textbook.
  2. With author:
  3. With no author: